28BYJ-48 CNC


148x210mm Arduino CNC plotter using 28BYJ-48 stepper motors

I recently finished a project I had put off for TWO entire years after I initially couldn't get it to work. In this video I go over the pros ...

Books on the subject of 28byj-48 Cnc

Advances in Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering

Advances in Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering

Springer Nature. 2021

This book presents selected peer reviewed papers from the International Conference on Advanced Production and Industrial Engineering (ICAPIE 2019). It covers a wide range of topics and latest research in mechanical systems engineering, materials engineering, micro-machining, renewable energy, industrial and production engineering, and additive manufacturing. Given the range of topics discussed, this book will be useful for students and researchers primarily working in mechanical and industrial engineering, and energy technologies.

Developing IoT Projects with ESP32

Developing IoT Projects with ESP32

Packt Publishing Ltd. 2021

Master the technique of using ESP32 as an edge device in any IoT application where wireless communication can make life easier Key FeaturesGain practical experience in working with ESP32Learn to interface various electronic devices such as sensors, integrated circuits (ICs), and displaysApply your knowledge to build real-world automation projectsBook Description Developing IoT Projects with ESP32 provides end-to-end coverage of secure data communication techniques from sensors to cloud platforms that will help you to develop production-grade IoT solutions by using the ESP32 SoC. You'll learn how to employ ESP32 in your IoT projects by interfacing with different sensors and actuators using different types of serial protocols. This book will show you how some projects require immediate output for end-users, and cover different display technologies as well as examples of driving different types of displays. The book features a dedicated chapter on cybersecurity packed with hands-on examples. As you progress, you'll get to grips with BLE technologies and BLE mesh networking and work on a complete smart home project where all nodes communicate over a BLE mesh. Later chapters will show you how IoT requires cloud connectivity most of the time and remote access to smart devices. You'll also see how cloud platforms and third-party integrations enable endless possibilities for your end-users, such as insights with big data analytics and predictive maintenance to minimize costs. By the end of this book, you'll have developed the skills you need to start using ESP32 in your next wireless IoT project and meet the project's requirements by building effective, efficient, and secure solutions. What you will learnExplore advanced use cases like UART communication, sound and camera features, low-energy scenarios, and scheduling with an RTOSAdd different types of displays in your projects where immediate output to users is requiredConnect to Wi-Fi and Bluetooth for local network communicationConnect cloud platforms through different IoT messaging protocolsIntegrate ESP32 with third-party services such as voice assistants and IFTTTDiscover best practices for implementing IoT security features in a production-grade solutionWho this book is for If you are an embedded software developer, an IoT software architect or developer, a technologist, or anyone who wants to learn how to use ESP32 and its applications, this book is for you. A basic understanding of embedded systems, programming, networking, and cloud computing concepts is necessary to get started with the book.

Raspberry Pi Zero Cookbook

Raspberry Pi Zero Cookbook

Packt Publishing Ltd. 2017

Over 80 practical and interesting recipes that explore the plethora of functionalities and opportunities available with Raspberry Pi Zero About This Book Deep dive into the components of the small yet powerful Raspberry Pi Zero Get into grips with integrating various hardware, programming, and networking concepts with the so-called “cheapest computer” Explore the functionalities of this $5 chip through practical recipes Who This Book Is For This book is for programmers and hobbyists who are eager to dive deep into the Raspberry Pi Zero. If you have basic or zero knowledge of the Raspberry Pi Zero, or if you looking for examples of ways to utilize the Raspberry Pi's GPIO interface, then this book is ideal for you. Basic knowledge of Python will be beneficial, and experience with circuitry and electronics will be needed for the later chapters in the book. What You Will Learn Set up your Raspberry Pi Zero with the operating system, networking, and different interfaces Get a hands-on introduction to Linux, Python, and shell scripts with the Raspberry Pi Zero Become a master at driving GPIOs and controlling relays, motors, transistors, buzzers, audio, read switches, and interrupts with the Raspberry Pi Zero Control GPIOs using the web interface and Node.js Connect displays, LED matrixes, analog sensors, and digital sensors Hack the Ethernet on the Raspberry Pi Zero Make your Raspberry Pi Zero an IoT-based sensor node and remotely monitor your data In Detail The Raspberry Pi Zero, one of the most inexpensive, fully-functional computers available, is a powerful and revolutionary product developed by the Raspberry Pi Foundation. The Raspberry Pi Zero opens up a new world for the makers out there. This book will give you expertise with the Raspberry Pi Zero, providing all the necessary recipes that will get you up and running. In this book, you will learn how to prepare your own circuits rather than buying the expensive add–ons available in the market. We start by showing you how to set up and manage the Pi Zero and then move on to configuring the hardware, running it with Linux, and programming it with Python scripts. Later, we integrate the Raspberry Pi Zero with sensors, motors, and other hardware. You will also get hands-on with interesting projects in media centers, IoT, and more. Style and approach This recipe-based book will ensure you gain an intermediate-level knowledge of the Raspberry Pi Zero. This book contains comprehensive illustrations with specific schematics for each circuit diagram.

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28BYJ-48 CNC: A Compact and Affordable DIY CNC Machine

The 28BYJ-48 CNC is a mini CNC machine that offers a unique opportunity for enthusiasts and hobbyists to dive into the world of computer numerical control (CNC) technology. With its compact size and affordability, this DIY project is an excellent choice for those looking to explore CNC machining or expand their skills in the field.


Stepper Motors 28BYJ-48
Controller Arduino Board
Plotting Area Approximately 100mm x 100mm
Components Stepper motors, Arduino UNO, L293D Motor shield, GT2 timing belt and pulleys, acrylic sheets, bike spokes, DVD drive sliders

One of the standout features of the 28BYJ-48 CNC is its ease of construction. By leveraging readily available hardware components and following detailed instructions and video guides, even those with limited experience can successfully assemble this mini CNC machine. The key components include 28BYJ-48 stepper motors, an Arduino board, motor shields, timing belts, pulleys, and acrylic sheets.


Affordable Small plotting area
Easy to build Limited power and precision
Educational value Requires assembly
Compact size Noise from stepper motors

The operation of the 28BYJ-48 CNC is straightforward. Users simply need to upload G-code, a programming language for CNC machines, to the Arduino through software like Arduino IDE or Processing IDE. The Arduino then controls the movement of the stepper motors, allowing the machine to create drawings, plots, or even engrave simple designs on suitable materials.

While the 28BYJ-48 CNC may have limitations in terms of plotting area, power, and precision compared to industrial-grade CNC machines, it serves as an excellent educational tool and introduction to the world of CNC technology. The process of building and programming this mini CNC machine can provide valuable hands-on experience and a deeper understanding of the principles behind CNC machining.

Overall, the 28BYJ-48 CNC is a fantastic project for hobbyists, students, or anyone interested in exploring CNC technology on a budget. With its affordable components, easy assembly, and educational value, this mini CNC machine offers a unique opportunity to experiment, learn, and potentially ignite a passion for CNC machining and automation.

Expanded Capabilities and Modifications

Beyond its basic function of creating drawings and engraving simple patterns, owners of the 28BYJ-48 CNC often experiment with expanding the capabilities of this mini-machine. Through modifications and additional modules, this compact system can be transformed into a versatile tool for various tasks.


Laser Engraving Adding a laser module enables precise laser engraving on various materials, such as wood, plastic, and metal.
3D Printing By installing an extruder for feeding plastic filament, the 28BYJ-48 CNC can be converted into a compact 3D printer for creating small objects.
Milling Module Integrating a milling spindle opens up possibilities for milling and machining soft materials like wood, foam, and soft metals.

Thanks to an active community of enthusiasts and developers, numerous guides, modifications, and enhancements for the 28BYJ-48 CNC are available online. This allows owners to adapt and expand the functionality of their mini-machine according to their needs and creative ideas.

Additional Benefits

Expandability and modularity
Active developer community
Opportunities for personalization and experimentation

As a result, the 28BYJ-48 CNC not only serves as an excellent starting project for learning CNC technologies but also provides a canvas for creativity, modifications, and further skill development in the areas of automation and digital fabrication.

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